Cognitive Therapy works under the premise that thoughts can influence our emotions and behaviors. By acquiring a variety of techniques during Cognitive Therapy, the patient becomes able to change their thinking schemes, improving their emotional condition.Cognitive Therapy began with the work of American psychiatrist Aaron Beck in 1960. An important feature is that the patient works collaboratively with the therapist to develop new skills that can be personally applied to daily problems, decreasing dependence on the therapist.
Cognitive distortions are irrational or exaggerated ideas that, within Cognitive Therapies, are considered errors in the processing of information. They are usually related to the development of emotional disorders.Through cognitive restructuring, the therapist helps the patient identify the Cognitive Distortions. Then the patient and the therapist look for methods to diminish or correct them, developing more real, alternative thoughts.Some examples of Cognitive Distortions are:
Cognitive therapies include a series of different therapies. Despite having different methods, they work with the modification of thoughts and ideas to improve the emotional and behavioral state of the patient.The most commonly used therapies are: