Narrative therapy was developed by Michael White during 1970s-1980s. Narrative therapists believe “The person is not the problem; the problem is the problem.” Narrative therapists view people as the expert of their own life, and that the role of the therapist is to assist the person by helping them map the direction of their own healing process.
One of the most important features of narrative therapy is the client`s creation of personal stories from their life experience. We all have different stories in various areas of our life including stories of struggles, relationships, family, and about our culture. We give these stories meaning and the stories shape our identities. According to narrative therapists, there is no “objective reality”. People create a reality that makes sense to them. A narrative therapist will assist clients in exploring how dominant discourses affect their stories. They will then challenge that discourse by working with the client to reauthor their story. Narrative therapists believe that people already have the ability and skills needed to reduce their distress. Their objective is to lead clients to identify these skills.
There are some key techniques and concept narrative therapists use and hold. Here are some common elements: