In the UK, the term learning disorder usually refers to an intellectual disability, while a learning difficulty refers to a specific learning difficulty, such as dyslexia and dyspraxia.In contrast, in the US and Canada, learning disorder refers to a set of specific problems that affect a person’s academic skills, including the ability to listen, speak, read, write, spell, reason, organize information and do math. The IQ of the person tested must be average or below average in order to be diagnosed with a learning disorder.
According to the DSM-5, learning disorders refer to problems related to performance in particular areas such as reading performance, math or written expression. These problems must constitute an obstacle for the person to be able to perform effectively in the academic field.Likewise, learning disorders are closely related to Intellectual Disability, and therefore, with a low Intellectual Coefficient.Learning disorders can be identified by psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, neuropsychologists and other specialists through a combination of intelligence testing, academic achievement testing, and observation of classroom performance and social interaction. Other areas of assessment may include perception, cognition, memory, attention, and language abilities.
Usually, a person first has learning difficulties at school. Teachers can detect signs that the student has problems in a learning process, which is often reflected in grades and school performance. The teacher may be the person who recommends your child or loved one have professional testing and assessment. This serves several purposes. The first is to ensure the proper diagnosis is given. Some learning difficulties are not easy to detect, necessitating a mental health professional to evaluate the person’s abilities and determine a diagnosis. To diagnose a learning disorder or learning difficulty, mental health professionals use specialized psychological tests in conjunction with observations and interviews. The second is to have a list of recommendations on how to work with the child in the classroom and at home. All assessments delivered by Tokyo Mental Health come with guidelines on how to help your child be successful in the areas they are challenged in the most. For more information, contact our psychological assessment office at the following email address: [email protected]
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